The Restoration

Critcal Issues and Areas
The major challenges facing Three Mile Creek Watershed include:
     1. Stormwater: effects of stormwater runoff
     2. Wastewater: illicit connections and sanitary sewer outfalls, excessive water quality pollutants, potential groundwater          contamination
     3. Ecology: abundance of invasive species and aquatic vegetation, altered watershed hydrology and creek                            geomorphology
     4. Access: lack of recreational access to the creek
     5. Climate Adaptation: sea level rise

Recommended Management Measures
A list of recommended structural and non-structural BMPs (best management practices) were developed to achieve the goals established for Three Mile Creek which target the primary cause of degradation. There are three types of recommended management measures: non-structural BMPs, structural BMPs, and long-range sustainability project solutions. These recommendations also include enhancing and developing greenways and blueways for public recreation.

Recommended Management Measures and Cost Estimates

Successful implementation of the 44 management measures recommended in the WMP will require the long-term commitment of significant financial resources and community support. Many financial opportunities, primarily federal grants and cooperative agreements, are available to help restore, enhance, and reconnect TMC to its surrounding communities. In recent years, increases in watershed recovery efforts by communities around the nation have significantly increased the competition for these resources. In order to be competative in this environment, the WMP recommends establishing a model Three Mile Creek Partnership (TMCP) representing three primary support sectors: Public (local government), Private (business & industry), Community (place based civic, non-profit). The TMCP can be created as a public-private partnership among the three entities mentioned above, or it could be established through a grassroots effort (e.g., a 501[c][3] organization). The TMCP would be the coordinating body for all implementation activities specified in the WMP. 

Adaptive management is a systematic approach to improving management decisions by gathering information and learning from outcomes to guide future management decisions. This approach focuses on partnerships of stakeholders who together learn how to create and maintain sustainable resource systems. Adaptive management is not possible without effective monitoring. Monitoring assesses watershed responses to management actions to inform better decisions and increase likelihood of success. By tracking implementation of management measures, monitoring programs enable project evaluation in adaptive management. Outcomes of management programs need to be measured for two distinct purposes:
     1. To establish performance points (baseline conditions) that can be used to measure progress and establish trends.
     2. To trigger change in management direction if performance does not meeting objectives.

Monitoring provides the data from which to test alternatives and measure progress towards accomplishing objectives. Improved decision making justifies the cost of monitoring and assessment in adaptive management. Key activities in the initial implementation cycle include:
     1. Develop and implement monitoring plans to assess progress toward goals and objectives,
     2. Align monitoring activities with any current stakeholder monitoring programs to the maximum extent possible, and
     3. Establish current baseline reference conditions in the watershed to compare to responses after project                                implementation.

Key activities in successive iteration cycles include:
     1. Continue targeted monitoring activities from the prior iterative cycle with approved adjustments, and
     2. Review and modify the implemented monitoring plans as necessary.

Monitoring and Research Studies